Which Type Of Acne Do I Have?

Posted by in Skin Care

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As a long - term acne sufferer throughout my teens to early twenties, I think I’ve just about tried and tested every acne treatment available in an attempt to rescue my skin and reduce inflammation.

Commonly there are 6 types of acne which range from 3 mild to severe stages they include: blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cystic acne.

Stage 1 - Blackheads and Whiteheads

Blackheads and whiteheads are formed through excess oil production in the skin which can be caused through a variety of reasons from hormonal changes to warmer climates.

When pores become trapped as a result of excess oil, dead skin cells and dirt, blackheads and whiteheads are easily formed. Managing both of these skin care concerns is easily achievable with a good routine, ensure you are washing your skin twice a day to thoroughly remove any impurities and wearing lighter makeup during warmer temperatures to prevent acne buildup.

Gentle exfoliation and weekly face masks should also be applied to reduce clogged pores, skin care products which contain charcoal in particular are also great for combating imperfections caused by blackheads and whiteheads.

Stage 2 - Papules and Pustules

Papules are small acne spots which can cause the skin to become inflamed and sore, as a rule papules generally don’t contain pus but they can still be quite tender to touch and inevitably hard to ignore.

Dedicated acne creams and acne serums are helpful to reduce spot size and any signs of inflammation, these types of products are best to be applied at night when the skin can absorb them best.

Pustules are breakouts which are more commonly recognised, often caused by trapped dirt, hormonal factors or stress they are usually filled with pus and can vary in size. With pustules and any other form of acne as difficult as it is, it is important to resist the urge to pick or squeeze your spot as this will cause a blemish which overtime can lead to prolonged acne marks and acne rosacea.

Resist the urge to pick or squeeze your acne spot by soothing it with some extra TLC instead, try using a targeted acne solution to encourage safer spot removal and further breakout prevention.

Stage 3 - Nodules and Cystic Acne

Nodules are a more severe type of acne which can sometimes occur during the later stages of a breakout, similar to the size of a regular spot nodules can present tender uneven lumpy bumps in the skin. The cause of nodules can generally be put down to a buildup of bacteria in the skin, dead skin cells, excess oil or a low immune system.

Nodules are usually best to be left alone as they can cause permanent scarring and skin infections if squeezed, if you suffer from nodules treat them with a gentle yet effective approach by applying a salicylic acid infused product to help soothe and treat the affected area.

Cystic acne happens to be one of the toughest types of acne to treat, unlike nodules and pustules acne cysts are formed when a bacteria infection penetrates deep into the skin creating a tender red bump which contains pus, if squeezed or burst this can cause the infection to spread and encourage further acne breakouts.

Cystic acne is often painful to endure and can affect confidence levels, if you are suffering from a severe amount of cystic acne it is treatable through antibiotics and prescription strength creams, book an appointment with your GP who can advise you on this.

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